Correct Nucleus Model proved by Transmutation Experiment by Cold Fusion (Neutron to be Tightly Bound Proton-Electron Pair and Nucleus to be Constituted by Protons and Internal Electrons and no Neutrinos Exist)


Authors : Noriyuki Kodama

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 5 - May

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3QnkJwh

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6655161

The previous nucleus model in the 1920s was called internal electron theory that the atomic nucleus is composed by only of protons and electrons in the nucleus. Rutherford had already claimed that an electron-proton pair could be bound in a tight state, which is in electron deep orbit. These histories have been forgotten since the introduction of neutrons as fundamental particles by Heisenberg in 1932 because neither experimental nor theoretical study to prove such orbits had been available until recently. Now we have the experimental data of cold fusion which is caused by this electron deep orbit. The deep electron orbit was theoretically proved by J. Maly, J. Vávra, Jean-Luc Paillet, and A. Meulenberg. They showed that this electron deep orbit exists at a distance of a few femto-metres from the nucleus. Thus, the electrons in the electron deep orbit can shield the coulomb repulsive force between nuclei and can cause Cold Fusion. The mechanism of Cold Fusion can be explained by this electron deep orbit theory and we have already had the several experimental results related to this theory by the researchers by showing the highly compressive hydrogen atoms for the study of battery. Based on the mechanism of electron deep orbit we have the experimental evidence of the transmutation by cold fusion as was done by Iwamura et al. They used D2 gas and target metal element on the Pd which has small D2 inside Pd lattice on the surface space site, and small D2(d2 and electron in deep orbit) can be created at Tetrahedral site of Pd, and d2 can fuse to the target metal element and cause transmutation. They showed that atomic number increase is 4, therefore d is 2, which clearly showed that d is constituted only by 2 protons not by a proton and a neutron. Therefore, neutrons do not exist as a fundamental particle but neutron is a pair of proton and electron in deep orbit. And lately proton shape study showed that proton is NOT spherical but has 3 protrusions due to three quarks. Therefore, neutron beta decay must have very large energy distribution of emitted electron based on the correct neutron model, which was proved by soft x-ray emission spectra during cold fusion of small D2. Thus, we do not need the neutrino hypo by Pauli and Fermi, and no neutrinos exist in this sense that neutrino hypo is incorrect. Because the latest experiment by Collider to produce neutrinos is well-designed, this kind of experiments shows that some new fundamental particles are generated but they are not neutrinos. Thus, I would like to make a suggestion that the researchers must understand the correct neutron model and nucleus model and incorrect neutrino hypo, and they must change the name of “neutrino” to the correct name, and modify the particle physics based on the correct nuclear physics. Experiments to prove the correct neutron model must be done

Keywords : internal electron theory, neutron, beta-decay, neutrino, electron deep orbit, transmutation.

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