Comparison of Oral Microbial Flora in Tobacco Smokers and Non-Smokers

Authors : Vinay Mohan; Manesh Lahori; Anjana Bagewadi; Sonal Gupta; Satendra Sharma; Mahima Tyagi

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 9 - September

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The present study was undertaken to evaluate oral microbial flora in samples from three different sites that is dental plaque, saliva and tongue smear in smokers and compare the results with equal number of age matched non-smokers. Materials and Methods This case-control study comprised of 35 subjects with history of tobacco smoking and equal number of age matched non-smokers, with age range between 20 to 30 years. All the subjects included were male patients as smoking in this geographic region is more prevalent in males. The samples from subjects were taken by aseptic method from three different oral sites and take to the laboratory, to assess the microbial count. Results The culture reports of samples of the study subjects clearly indicated a higher amount of mean value of microbial flora count that is 5.64 X 105 C.F.U. / ml as compared to that of control subjects which was 4.77 X 105 C.F.U. / ml. The salivary samples of smokers and non-smokers showed a p value less then 0.05, with respect to Moraxella catarrhalis and Corynebacteria, which was statistically significant using Wilcoxon rank test. Conclusion The study shows that there is a definite increase in the amount of microbial flora in tobacco smokers as compared to non-smokers. These increased microbes may ultimately increase the chances for oral diseases and impaired wound healing thus affecting the treatment outcome of oral health.

Keywords : Oral Microbial Flora, Tobacco Smoking, Oral Health.


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31 - May - 2022

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