Community Preparation for Domestic Wastewater Management Development in Jakarta


Authors : Sri Mahendra Satria Wirawan

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 2 - February

Google Scholar : https://goo.gl/DF9R4u

Scribd : https://bit.ly/2SVjabY

Abstract : This The high population of Jakarta causes the high production of domestic wastewater. Domestic wastewater consists of black water and grey water from bathing, washing and toilet facilities from households is a major contributor to the high level of water pollution in Jakarta. For this reason, the Government of DKI Jakarta Province together with the Central Government are currently developing a domestic wastewater management system. Factors affecting the success of the wastewater management development program are identified such as infrastructure, institutions and community preparedness and support. The Government of DKI Jakarta Province has planned the construction of 14 Domestic Wastewater Treatment Zones and institutional strengthening of supervisor and controller, regulator, and operator. Besides that, it is necessary to build community preparedness in accepting the concept of polluter pays principle, which requires pollutants to bear the costs of preventing and controlling pollution caused, including the willingness to pay for domestic wastewater services. The survey results show that people who know and are very aware of domestic wastewater treatment plants that only reach 11%, only those who are willing to pay for domestic wastewater services are 56% and the community's willingness to pay is in the range of Rp.44,049.53 to Rp.57,200.47. This survey shows that domestic wastewater management is not well understood by the community. Therefore, strategies to prepare the community are imperative to the success of wastewater management.

Keywords : Domestic Wastewater; Polluter Pays Principle; Willingness to Pay.

This The high population of Jakarta causes the high production of domestic wastewater. Domestic wastewater consists of black water and grey water from bathing, washing and toilet facilities from households is a major contributor to the high level of water pollution in Jakarta. For this reason, the Government of DKI Jakarta Province together with the Central Government are currently developing a domestic wastewater management system. Factors affecting the success of the wastewater management development program are identified such as infrastructure, institutions and community preparedness and support. The Government of DKI Jakarta Province has planned the construction of 14 Domestic Wastewater Treatment Zones and institutional strengthening of supervisor and controller, regulator, and operator. Besides that, it is necessary to build community preparedness in accepting the concept of polluter pays principle, which requires pollutants to bear the costs of preventing and controlling pollution caused, including the willingness to pay for domestic wastewater services. The survey results show that people who know and are very aware of domestic wastewater treatment plants that only reach 11%, only those who are willing to pay for domestic wastewater services are 56% and the community's willingness to pay is in the range of Rp.44,049.53 to Rp.57,200.47. This survey shows that domestic wastewater management is not well understood by the community. Therefore, strategies to prepare the community are imperative to the success of wastewater management.

Keywords : Domestic Wastewater; Polluter Pays Principle; Willingness to Pay.

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