Brush Up Your Teeth to Brush Up Your Heart: A Clinical Review on the Association of Oral Hygiene with Cardiovascular Diseases


Authors : Hayder Abdul-Amir Makki Al-Hind; Ghazi Mohamad Ramadan; Mohammed Ihsan Chabuk; Amal Talib Al Sa’ady; Safa Jihad; Suhad Hafidh

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 12 - December

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/gu88

Scribd : https://bit.ly/330O3nV

Several pieces of the research described a cross-talk between oral hygiene and CVDs. Oral hygiene was linked with CVDs, and the relations between the two issues are signified by oral bacterial colonies and their by-products released into the bloodstream, initiating endothelial dysfunction in addition to presenting proatherogenic influences, inflammatory as well as immune responses. These mechanisms elucidate the described relations of PD with strok, coronary artery diseases, and peripheral vascular diseases. Dental caries and PD were also linked with diabetes mellitus (DM) and dyslipidemia. Several experimental trials did not affirm the relationship between oral hygiene and CVDs. Dental loss, the most significant equal of PD, has been also related to CVD. Carious teeth were also described as a risk factor for arteriosclerosis independently, where as dental restorations were associated with the arteriosclerotic burden inversely. Improving cognizance of perfect dental health can heighten cardiovascular health. The existing article aims to have a review on the vital biological pathways associated with oral and CVDs, the important path physiologies which might be related, and potentials for interventional therapeutic measures

Keywords : Oral hygiene, oral health, cardiovascular diseases, ischemic heart diseases, atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, periodontitis, periodontal diseases, dental loss, dental caries, inflammation.

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