The study analysed the variation in the cost
implications and monetary benefits of artisanal oil
refinery in the Niger Delta, Nigeria.A total of 1200
questionnaire were administered on community
dwellers, while 313 copies were administered on
artisanal refinery owners in the study area, however,
1140 of the questionnaires administered on community
dwellers were returned. Descriptive statistics were used
for data analysis. Results showed that males were more
than females in both affected communities and artisanal
refineries workers and most of the respondents are
found within the working age brackets (18-45 years).
Among the affected communities, 27% were
businessmen while 21% were students. More of the
respondents in the affected communities had no formal
education than that of the artisanal refinery workers.
Results also showed that generally it takes between one
(28.1%) to two (22.3%) weeks to complete an artisanal
refinery. The spill over is completed in the third week
(22.3%). This pattern does not follow in all the states.
The study can be concluded that the time and financial
cost of running an artisanal refinery is low and thus
encourages locals to invest in it. The consequence of such
sporadic opening of poorly developed refineries is severe
on not only those operating the refineries but, on the
communities, as well. Based on this, the study
recommended that government and well-meaning
Nigerians should team up to chart a proper way of
refining crude, which were both health for operators and
locals, and more sustainable.
Cost, Monetary benefits, Artisanal, Crude oil, Oil spill, Niger Delta