Analysis of the Impact of Pre-Employment Cards, Human Development Index, and Population on Indonesia’s Open Unemployment Rate

Authors : Moh. Riki Bayu Maulana; Slamet Kyswantoro

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 3 - March

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Macroeconomics, the concept of which is still dsigned and issued by governments in the form of preemployment cards, the human development index and number of residents seen from the number of the workforce with the basic problem in the form of open unemployment rate. The analyzes of this study were performed partially or concurrently and included types of causal-associative investigations by quantitative approaches. The data used is secondarydata, namely panel data in the 34 provinces in Indonesia (Aceh, North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Riau, Jambi, South Sumatra, Bengkulu, Lampung, Bangka Belitung Islands, Riau Islands, DKI Jakarta, West Java, Java Central, DI Yogtyakarta, East Java, Banten, Bali, NTB, NTT, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, North Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, East Sulawesi, Gorontalo, West Sulawesi, Maluku, North Maluku, West Papua, and Papua) by gender in 2020. The data sources are form BPS, employment and pre-employmentcards website.The analysis methode used ismultiple regression analysis using SPSS version 26 program tools. The results of data processing form SPSS versions 26 show that he pre-employment card and population have no significant positive efffect on the open unemployment rate in 34 provinces in Indonesia in 2020. On the other hand, the human development index or HDI of each province in Indonesia has a positive effect on the unemployment rate. And taken together, the preemployment card, HDI, and the population proxied by the number of the workforce have positive and significant impact on the open unemployment rate in Indonesia.

Keywords : pre-employment card, human development index, population, open unemployment rate


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31 - December - 2023

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