Implementation Research (IR) is solving
implementation problems for proven interventions.
Prevention of mother to child transmission of Human
immunodeficiency virus (PMTCT) is one of the modes of
HIV prevention amongst abstinence from sex, being
faithful to a mutual faithful partner that is not infected,
consistent and correct use of condoms and use of
sterilized sharp objects. Nigeria being ranked as the
second highest burdened HIV infected nation has a
national prevalence of 1.4% while Bayelsa state in the
South-South geopolitical zone, and in the Niger Delta
region has a prevalence of 1.9% resulting in about 45,
866 person living with the virus in the state. A global and
best practice is therefore required for all positive clients
to be on retention which is the act to be on anti –
retroviral therapy or treatment which can be achieved
by stakeholders’ processes, community engagement,
stakeholders’ mobilization, advocacies for intervention,
support by PHC in the community, health systems
dynamics, empowering communities, Engagement of
implementers and broader systems effects all geared to
improved knowledge on HIV/AIDS, increase HCT/HTS
retention in care and prevention. UNAIDS vision of
90:90:90 and to end AIDS by 2030 can only be achieved
if the entire population have in-depth knowledge of
HIV/AIDS and all stakeholders collectively continue to
strive for quality in the midst of any challenge,
protection of human rights and zero discrimination.
With community support and other partners, the
response can be fast-tracked both at the local, state,
national and the global level. Together, we can end AIDS
epidemic by 2030.
Keywords : Implementation research, Prevention of motherto child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), Retention, Human immunodeficiency virus/ Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) Antiretroviral therapy, HIV counseling and testing/ HIV testing services (HCT/HTS), Information, education and communication (IEC) materials.