An Empirical Investigation into the Causes, Nature, Impact and Remedy of Soil Erosion in Dakingari Town, Kebbi State, Nigeria

Authors : Mustafa Muhammad Kwaifa; Aliyu Musa; Umaima Kabir Bawa

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 2 - February

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This research work was carried out to examine the nature of soil erosion menace in Dakingari town with a view to providing a remedy. Objectively, it is to determine the causes and the impact of this menace on socio-economic activities and residential structures. Five research questions were formulated to guide the study in line with the stated objectives of this study. Two null hypotheses were tested at 0.5 level of significance. The research used primary and secondary sources of data including structured questionnaire, interview and library research. Random sampling method was employed to determine the study population. It was established that part of the town has been affected by soil erosion mainly caused by rainfall and wind. The activities of human being were also found to have caused soil erosion including building construction, road constructions, cutting down of trees as well as bush clearing for farming. The erosion had made serious damages on houses and other structures like schools and electricity poles. The types of control measures adopted were stone wall, stone line, stone bonds and sand bags. Local Government Authority also plays vital role in assisting the victims in reducing the menace. It has supplied gravels and sand to the victims together with monetary assistance. It has also constructed culverts and drainages for the easily draining of surface flow during rainfall. It was however recommended that government should construct good drainages system and culverts for proper flowing of water during and after rainfall, Areas where the erosion has just started, gravels should be used to control such erosion to prevent the place from developing into large channels and Government should intensify public enlightenments campaign to educate the people on the danger of soil erosion and its possible control measures among others.

Keywords : Investigation, Erosion, Soil Erosion, Surface Flow, Remedy, Rainfall, Damages, Wind.


Paper Submission Last Date
29 - February - 2024

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