The Present study entitled “An Economic Analysis of production of groundnut in anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh” was conducted in year 2018-2019. The study made use of a multistage sampling and random sampling technique to select 120 respondents among those selected villages. Data for the study were collected with the aid of a well- structured questionnaires. This study revealed that at overall level, per hectare cost of cultivation, gross income, net income farm investment income, cost of production and input and output ratio of groundnut was worked out. Data collected were analyzed using tabulation method along with required statistical tool. The results indicated that The cost incurred by small, medium and large farms (Rs.63537.0/ha),(Rs.61115.0/ha) and (Rs.59455.0/ha) respectively.
Keywords : Groundnut , Cost and Return, Input Output Ratio.