In Bharatpur Metropolitan City (BMC),
rapid changes in socioeconomic conditions led to rapid
urban growth, which in turn caused a number of
environmental damages, including land fragmentation,
unauthorized settlements, unchecked land use
conversion, rising environmental pollution, and
anthropogenicdisasters. The rate of migration has been
dramatically rising recently. These forecasts illustrated
the gradual migration of people from rural to urban
locations. Arable land fragmentation and erratic land
use shifts are greatly impacted by rapid urbanization.
They are significant concerns for property developers
and urban planners. Urban planners and developers are
unable to foresee city growth and modeling in the future
using accurate management techniques due to
unpredictable urban expansion. GIS based multi criteria
decision making (MCDM) for land suitability analysis.
Analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is a combination of
qualitative and quantitative method used to calculate the
weights of multi criterion by using pairwise matrices. By
this method the biophysical and socioeconomic factors
underlying the expansion has identified. Suitability maps
had been prepared for several classes: highly suitable,
moderate suitable, less suitable and restricted area and
its percentage of area.
Keywords : Analytical Hierarchy Process;GIS;MCDM; Pairwise Comparison Matrix; Suitability.