The urban dynamics driven by markets is a
powerful factor influencing the development of Africa.
However, the literature shows that urban markets very
often experience dysfunctionning linked to several
factors that hinder the development of African urban
markets. This article, which is a theoretical study, aims
to better understand the roles of the main actors, the
activities, the functioning and the usefulness of markets
in African cities. The study shows that several direct and
indirect actors operate in the markets of African cities.
The main direct players are made up of the
administration, producers, transporters, traders and
consumers, while non-governmental organizations and
banks are also indirect players in these markets. The
activities and operation of each market depends on the
type of market and whatever the type of operation, these
markets are essential for the supply of the city.
Keywords : Market, actor, functioning, Africa.