A Review of Anti-Doping Policies Prior to the Formation of the World Anti-Doping Agency


Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 12 - December

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3CHSqDw

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7525126

Although attempts to enhance athletic performance extend back before the word "doping" was first used in an English dictionary to denote a combination medicine containing opium, we are still struggling to eradicate substance abuse from sporting. According to ancient Olympic records, athletes back then drank natural substances and animal extracts as performance-enhancing drugs to increase their speed and endurance, hide discomfort, and allow injured competitors to compete. Later, with the development of modern pharmacology in the 19th century, pharmaceutical use increased, and top athletes started experimenting with pharmaceutical combinations to boost power and combat tiredness. There are several records of athletes going to great lengths because this practice was not illegal. Benefits were accompanied by risks, and after a number of fatalities, a code to outlaw performance-enhancing medications was eventually formed. This article seeks to trace the extent of doping use and strategies to curb it prior to the World AntiDoping Code's adoption in 2004.

Keywords : Doping, Sports, Olympic, WADA, Antidoping policy.


Paper Submission Last Date
31 - March - 2023

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