Although attempts to enhance athletic
performance extend back before the word "doping"
was first used in an English dictionary to denote a
combination medicine containing opium, we are still
struggling to eradicate substance abuse from sporting.
According to ancient Olympic records, athletes back
then drank natural substances and animal extracts as
performance-enhancing drugs to increase their speed
and endurance, hide discomfort, and allow injured
competitors to compete. Later, with the development of
modern pharmacology in the 19th century,
pharmaceutical use increased, and top athletes started
experimenting with pharmaceutical combinations to
boost power and combat tiredness. There are several
records of athletes going to great lengths because this
practice was not illegal. Benefits were accompanied by
risks, and after a number of fatalities, a code to outlaw
performance-enhancing medications was eventually
formed. This article seeks to trace the extent of doping
use and strategies to curb it prior to the World AntiDoping Code's adoption in 2004.
Keywords : Doping, Sports, Olympic, WADA, Antidoping policy.