A Literature Review of E-Learning and E-Teaching in the Era of Covid-19 Pandemic


Authors : Zethembe Mseleku

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 10 - October

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/34wrSEp

The emergence of Covid-19 pandemic undoubtedly resulted in devastating socio-economic challenges across the world. In attempt to manage the contagion, many countries have implemented restrictive measures to reduce social gatherings and to promote social distancing. This meant the closure of higher learning institutions and a major shift from traditional classroom-based teaching and learning to virtual approach. While higher education may have transformed and moved to online due to Covid-19, it is unknown whether this transformation produces positive teaching and learning outcomes. This literature review is conducted to elicit relevant evidence on E-learning and E-teaching outcomes, challenges and opportunities in the era of Covid-19 pandemic. A comprehensive literature search was conducted on 16 databases for relevant studies published in the year 2020. In addition, reference lists of studies identified from the initial search were used to retrieve additional relevant studies. The search terms used were Covid-19, coronavirus, online learning, E-learning, E-teaching and higher education. An inclusion and exclusion criteria was developed to select the most relevant articles for final review. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they addressed higher education E-learning and E-teaching outcomes, challenges and opportunities in the era of Covid-19. While numerous studies have been published on the pandemic, only few studies addresses the depth of Elearning and E-teaching outcomes, associated challenges and opportunities during the period of Covid-19. The literature presented a number of learning and teaching challenges faced by academics and students. These challenges include the inability to access or use the online learning and teaching tools; difficulties to adjust particularly for students living in rural areas and those from low-income families; and associated stress, depression and anxiety.

Keywords : Covid-19, Coronavirus, Online Learning, ELearning, E-Teaching And Higher Education

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