A Correlational Study Between Parental Praise and Types of Mindsets in order to Enhance Young Learners in the 21st Century

Authors : Tanamin Sithsetthakool; Teepakorn Keawumdee

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 5 - May

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3xuojMn

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6642308

Nowadays, there are various ways to praise a child, which vary from family to family. Thus, it can affect a child's mindset. Parental Praise can be classified into two types: Process Praise, which is praised for the effort that is put into accomplish a task, and the other type is Person Praise which is praised for the ability to accomplish a task. A person's mindset is the set of mental attitudes held by someone who performs their skills and abilities, which can be classified into two types: a fixed mindset, in which both skills and abilities are innate and cannot be improved; and the other type is a growth mindset, in which both skills and abilities can be developed through learning, experience, and effort. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to investigate the causal relationship between Person Praise and Process Praise and Dweck’s Mindset Theory. An online questionnaire with 12 closed-ended statements based on a 5-Likert scale was developed, representing Person Praise and Parental Praise influencing characteristics of the two mindset types. A total of 150 voluntary responses were received. The analysis supported the theoretical frameworks that there was a moderate positive correlation between compliments on effort and a growth mindset (r = 0.56). However, this research showed that there was no correlation between a process praise and a fixed mindset. Based on this research, there is liable to have a improvable characteristics, there needs to have a presence of process praise and supportive environmental for their effort. Thus, we should focus on praising on children on effort more than intelligence, in order to encourage them to seek out challenges and the opportunity to develop skills and abilities that they are really interested in. In conclusion a children with a process praise would likely tohave a better learning performance.

Keywords : Person Praise; Parental Praise; Fixed mindset; Growth mindset; Learning performance.


Paper Submission Last Date
31 - March - 2024

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